Libya Thumbs Its Nose at the ICC — Again…

July 30th, 2013 – 8:11 AM EDT

by Kevin Jon Heller

As I recently noted, the Appeals Chamber has rejected Libya’s request to suspend its obligation to surrender Saif Gaddafi to the ICC pending resolution of its admissibility appeal. Libya, of course, has no intention of complying with that obligation. Indeed, it admitted as much today:

According to Libya’s Justice Minister Salah al-Marghani, Seif, who is being detained in the Libyan city of Zintan by order of the General attorney, will soon be transferred to Tripoli to stand trial. But the ICC wants to try him, and Gaddafi’s brother-in-law and former intelligence chief Abdullah Senussi on the same charges.

On July 18 the Hague-based ICC rejected Tripoli’s request to keep Seif in Libya for trial, saying that Libya remained “obliged” to hand over Seif to the court.

Libya’s representative to the ICC, Ahmed al-Jehani said that as soon as Seif is transferred to Tripoli, the Libyan government would again appeal the ICC decision.

Mr al-Jehani added: “The ICC decision is based on Seif al-Islam’s detention in Zintan and not under the control of the judicial authorities in Tripoli. This (ICC) decision is not final. Libya’s right to try Seif al-Islam is linked to his transfer to Tripoli.”

Salah al-Marghani said that Libya would appeal the Court’s decision as soon as it meets the three demands expressed by the ICC, namely, the transfer of the Seif to Tripoli and the appointment of lawyers for Seif and Abdullah Senussi. He pointed out that the Public Prosecution would handle the investigation.

He added: “The provision of lawyers, we are working on, that, as well as on several different investigations other than rape and murder.”

Put more simply: Libya will not comply with a binding order to surrender Saif to the ICC, but it fully expects the ICC to let it file a second admissibility challenge. The Rome Statute does, in fact, leave open the possibility of multiple admissibility challenges; Art. 19(4) provides that, “[i]n exceptional circumstances, the Court may grant leave for a challenge to be brought more than once or at a time later than the commencement of the trial.” But there is nothing exceptional about Libya’s circumstances that would justify a second admissibility challenge; Libya simply wants to be rewarded for ignoring the Court’s surrender order long enough to fix the problems with its initial challenge. For that reason alone, the Court should reject any Libyan request to file a second admissibility challenge — a decision that, as Art. 19(4) makes clear, is left to the Court’s discretion.

As an aside, I feel obligated to point out that Ahmed el-Gehani, the same man who regularly makes clear to the press that Libya will not surrender Saif to the ICC — and who once told Saif that he was the “architect” of the domestic charges against him — also signs each and every legal document that Libya files with the Court. (See, for example, Libya’s latest brief.) In my view, a strong case can be made that el-Gehani’s actions violate the ICC’s Code of Professional Conduct for Counsel (CPCC) which specifically applies to “counsel acting for States.” Art. 7(3)  of the CPCC provides (emphasis mine) that “[c]ounsel shall comply at all times with the Statute, the Rules of Procedure and Evidence, the Regulations of the Court and such rulings as to conduct and procedure as may be made by the Court, including the enforcement of this Code.” Moreover, Art. 25(1) provides (emphasis mine) that “Counsel shall at all times maintain the integrity of evidence, whether in written, oral or any other form, which is submitted to the Court. He or she shall not introduce evidence which he or she knows to be incorrect.” Those obligations seem difficult to reconcile with el-Gehani’s actions.

Opinio Juris

Libyans will not hand Saif Al Islam over to ICC

Published time: July 29, 2013

Libyans wants Saif Al Islam’s role in plundering the country investigated, not just his involvement in the 2011 revolution. Therefore it is unlikely he would be handed over to The Hague tribunal, former UK ambassador to Libya Oliver Miles told RT.


Libyans react to Benghazi assassinations

By Essam Mohamed in Tripoli and Asma Elourfi in Benghazi for Magharebia – 29/07/2013

Demonstrators took to the streets of several Libyan cities following dawn prayers on Saturday (July 27th) to denounce several recent assassinations in Benghazi, including that of prominent political activist Abdessalam Musmari.

In Tripoli, several streets were blocked off, and hundreds of demonstrators gathered on Martyrs’ Square to condemn the murders of Musmari, Major General Salem Alsarah, Colonel Khatab Younes Al-Zwyi and a policeman from the Hadayeq police station.

Protesters demanded that all political parties be closed for not being constitutional, as they were formed before the Constitution was drawn.

Demonstrators carried banners calling for the fall of parties: “Down with the government of the Muslim Brotherhood,” they chanted.

“We want army and police… Libya is in trouble… No to parties … Libya only,” they added.

The offices of the Justice and Construction Party (JCP) and the National Forces Alliance (NFA) were closed. About a hundred protesters stormed JCP headquarters in Tripoli, inflicting much damage before moving on to those of the NFA.

Musmari was killed after leaving Friday prayers at the Abu Ghoula mosque in Benghazi’s Birkah neighbourhood.

“He had a bullet directly in his heart,” Benghazi Joint Security Forces (BJSF) spokesman Mohamed Hejazi told the Libya Herald. “This was a very accurate attack and the BJSF thinks that it could have been the work of a sniper.”

There were no witnesses to the assault.

A founder of the February 17th Coalition, Musmari was known for his opposition to armed militias and to the Muslim Brotherhood. He frequently appeared on television to call on Benghazi residents to demand more security. One of his last appearances was on Libya 1st Channel’s ‘The Awakening of a Homeland”, during which he discussed the country’s lack of security.

He had already been physically attacked last May after denouncing the activity of armed militias and their siege of the ministries of justice and interior.

Libyans were very much saddened by Musmari’s assassination.

“He was a patriot and spoke the truth at a time when voices are being silenced,” 34-year-old engineer Nasser al-Obeidi said.

“Libya is on its way to chaos,” fellow Benghazi resident Mohammed Idris al-Rafadi said angrily. “O people of Libya! What are you doing? Let us say, is there a reasonable approach to save the homeland?”

Saturday also marked the anniversary of the death of General Abdel Fattah Younes. His case is still unresolved.

“If the circumstances of the assassination of Musmari and its perpetrators are not uncovered, similar operations against others will take place,” Salem Fitouri cautioned.





Against the Odds: The Black Swans of Libya’s Arab Spring

By William Lawrence, on 23 Jul 2013

In July 2012, amid the euphoria of historic elections, Libya’s future seemed brighter than ever. The polls were Libya’s first democratic elections in more than 52 years, and the promise of Libya’s Arab Spring seemed closer at hand. Many obstacles had been surmounted to demonstrate to the world that the nation could prevail against strong odds.

Against the Odds: The Black Swans of Libya’s Arab Spring

Used with the permission of World Politics Review,

Libya and Morocco sign trade agreement – African Manager

Morocco On The Move


* “Creates an enabling environment for meetings between businessmen from the two countries” *

African Manager (July 23, 2013) — Libya and Morocco have signed a partnership and cooperation agreement, aimed at strengthening trade, including export and import, between the two countries, a statement from the organization in charge of exports in Morocco, Maroc Exportation, said here Monday.

The agreement, signed between ”Maroc Exportation” and the Libyan ”Centre for the development of exports,” followed the international trade fair held during the Ramadan fast in Casablanca.

The statement indicated that the agreement, which will remain valid until 2016, also covers the holding of common trade fairs, the sharing of data, specific market surveys and training, as well as the promotion of business environment.

Speaking after the agreement was signed, the managing director of ”Maroc exportation,” Zahra Moafiri, said that the protocol would improve the level of bilateral trade between the…

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Shedding Light women’s security in Libya

Press Release بيان صحفي


Shedding Light women’s security in Libya

ZAWIA, LIBYA (The Voice of Libyan Women) – Following extensive research done on women’s perceptions of security concerns and the impact of security on women’s participation in public life, The Voice of Libyan Women is proud to announce the launch of Noor: Shedding Light on Women’s Security Concerns in Libya, .

Noor, in its literal translation from Arabic means “light“, and the symbolism of the word in Islam has long meant the enlightment of an individual from darkness and ignorance, to a position of understanding and of wisdom.

It has been over two years that VLW has focused strongly on women’s security, previously completing a national security assessment,that was the first and only of its kind in Libya, conducting interviews with key stakeholders, and organizing our One Voice 2013: New Horizonsconference which brought together over 30 Members of Parliament, International Ambassadors, Head of National Congress and over 150 local activists to address women’s role in the increasingly complex security situation in Libya. In addition to this we have conducted seminars and surveys in over 25 Libyan cities concentrating on domestic violence during our annualInternational Purple Hijab Day. The results from the thousands of surveys completed by young Libyan girls resulted in Interim Libyan Prime Minister Dr. El Keib himself wearing a purple scarf and strongly condemning domestic violence and publicly stating his support for legislative change.

Through our assessment and research on women’s security concerns in Libya it became apparent that the most common justification for discrimination against women was the misunderstanding and misrepresentation of Islamic teachings, and their influence on Libyan cultural norms.

Noor aims to shed light on the proper treatment ofwomen in Islam through Ayas from the Holy Quran and Hadiths (narrations of the Prophet Mohammed Peace Be Upon Him).

Noor focuses on women’s security- be it domestic violence, harassment or public slander – which make women feel vulnerable in public or leading roles, we felt it was of the greatest importance that all hadiths and citations used were authorized, allowing for Noor to have greater legitimacy in the eyes of the Libyan public, and allowing for the message to be heard – and valued – on a much wider scale.

Dar Al Ifta, which has continually been a great aide, particularly in the authentication and citation of all religious content used, expressed their support for the Noor Campaign, “we commend your efforts ….we wish you all success”, they stated. (Link to PDF letter fromDar Al Ifta in Arabic).

Noor currently includes thirty three billboards throughout over twenty Libyan cities in addition to television and radio commercials that will be playing on both local and national stations.

Please join us as VLW will also be utilizing social media with #NoorLibya once the campaign officially launches this Friday, 5th of July.

We deliberately chose the holy day of Friday, only days leading to the holy month of Ramadan, to launch the campaign, as it is a time which we believe the message is strengthened.  In the Autumn VLW will begin seminars aimed at addressing women’s security issues throughout Libyan workplaces, schools, universities and Masjids targeting audiences of both men and women, young and old.

It has been a great pleasure for us to see this project come to light – the very foundation for The Voice of Libyan Women has been a platform for sustainable, authentic and indigenous Libyan progress.We take great pride in addressing women’s security in a way which will be heard and respected. It is time that the power of religion is used as it was meant to be, as a tool of education and illumination rather than as an excuse for ignorance and prevalent cultural norms and that we ensure that women are treated as partners in the rebuilding of the new Libya.

We would like to thank all of those who have made The Noor Campaign possible:
Dar Al-Ifta Libya
The Libyan Ministry of Culture and Civil Society
The HB Group
Canadian Embassy in Libya
The many individuals who personally supported this campaign with their time and donations.


About The Voice of Libyan Women

The Voice of Libyan Women (VLW) was initially founded in August 2011 as a result of the February 17 Revolution which renewed not only our hope for equality in Libya, but also renewed the hope of the Libyan society as a whole in their basic human rights, including women’s rights. This hope quickly translated into action, which VLW believes is the best method for any concrete improvement with regards to women’s rights.

Although VLW has grown considerably since its founding, we remain a youth-led organization and have a strong base in our hometown of Zawia. As a group of young Libyan women from different backgrounds, our ultimate goal is to advocate for an increased investment into Libya’s greatest (and most overlooked) resource: women.

More Info found at:



تسليط الضوء على النواحي الأمنية وأثرها على المرأة في ليبيا

الزاوية، ليبيا (صوت المرأة الليبية) – بعد بحث مستفيض وشامل حول رؤية وإدراك النساء للوضع الأمني وأثره على مشاركة المرأة في الحياة العامة، منظمة صوت المرأة الليبية فخورة أن تعلن عن إطلاق حملة ( نور) : تسليط الضوء على النواحي الأمنية وأثرها على المرأة في ليبيا (اربط هذا مع صفحة الشبكة خاصتك).

أطلق على الحملة إسم (نور) لما لهذه الكلمة في الإسلام معنى واسع في تنوير الناس وإخراجهم من الظلمات والجهل إلى نور العلم و الفهم والحكمة.

لقد مضت سنتان منذ أن ركزّت منظمة “صوت المرأة الليبية” بقوة على مسائل تتعلق بأمن المرأة، بدأ باستبان وتقييم للوضع الأمني الداخلي وكان الأول من نوعه ، وإجراء مقابلات مع السياسيين وصناع القرار والمكلّفين بهذه المسائل وإشراكهم وإطلاعهم على هذا التقييم ، وتنظيم مؤتمر”صوت واحد 2013: آفاق جديدة”  والذي جمع أكثر من 30 عضوة و عضوا من المؤتمر الوطني العام ، و سفراء دوليين، ورئيس المؤتمر الوطني العام وأكثر من 150  ناشطة و ناشط مجتمع مدني لمناقشة وإيجاد حلول للوضع الأمني وعلاقته بمشاركة المرأة في المجالات المختلفة . علاوة على ذلك، فقد قمنا بعمل حلقات نقاش واستبيانات في أكثر من 25 مدينة ليبية مركزّين على العنف المنزلي من خلال اليوم العالمي للحجاب البنفسجي. النتائج من آلاف الاستبيانات المعبئة من قبل الفتيات الليبيات دفعت انذاك رئيس الوزراء الليبي المؤقت، د. عبدالرحيم الكيب للمشاركة بوضع وشاح بنفسجي وأدان بشدة العنف المنزلي وأكد دعمه ومساندته للقضية والمساعدة على الحد منها .

من خلال تقييمنا وبحثنا حول المخاوف الأمنية للمرأة في ليبيا، أصبح جليا أن أكثر المبررات شيوعا للتمييز ضد المرأة كانت سوء الفهم والتحريف للتعاليم الإسلامية، وتأثير ذلك على المعايير الأخلاقية الليبية.

 و في مسعى لتصحيح سوء الفهم والاستعمال الخاطئ للدين لتبرير سوء معاملة المرأة، تهدف حملة (نور) إلى تسليط الضوء على المكانة الرفيعة للمرأة في الاسلام وضمان حسن المعاملة من خلال آيات القرآن الحكيم والأحاديث النبوية وسيرة الرسول محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم.

حيث أن حملة (نور)  تركز على أمن المراة ومنها العنف المنزلي، المضايقات والمعاكسات أو القذف بعبارات سيئة أمام العامة – الأمر الذي يجعل المرأة تشعر بأنها مقيدة في الأماكن العامة وعند تقلدها أدوار قيادية، كما شعرنا بأنه من الأهمية البالغة أن جميع الأحاديث والروايات المستعملة تم مراجعتها والتأكد من صحتها، لتسمح لنور بأن يكون لها شرعية أكبر في أعين المجتمع الليبي، وتسمح بسماع رسالتها – وتقييمها- على أوسع نطاق ممكن.

ولذلك نحن جد فخورين بالعمل مع دار الإفتاء الليبية ، والتي كانت لها مساعدة عظيمة لاسيما في توثيق وتأكيد صحة  كل الأحاديث والروايات المستخدمة ، وفي هذا ذكرت دار الإفتاء إشادة بحملة المنظمة ( نتمنى لكم التوفيق والنجاح ووفقكم الله لخدمة دينه وعباده)

تضم حملة نور حاليا ثلاثة و ثلاثين لوحة إعلانات في أكثر من عشرين مدينة بالإضافة إلى إعلانات تلفزيونية و إعلانات إذاعية والتي سوف تُبث على  المحطات المحلية والوطنية.

كما يسعدنا ان ندعوكم للانضمام لحملة منظمة صوت المرأة من خلال وسائل التواصل الاجتماعي مع #NoorLibyaوالتي تنطلق يوم الجمعة الموافق 5 يوليو 2013.

لقد اخترنا يوم الجمعة المبارك خصيصا ، قبل بضع أيام تفصلنا عن شهر رمضان الكريم، لإطلاق الحملة، لأننا نؤمن بأنه الوقت الأنسب لتصل الرسالة المرجوة .و في الخريف سوف تشرع منظمة صوت المرأة الليبية  في تنظيم حلقات نقاش تهدف إلى إثارة موضوع أمن المرأة وإيجاد الحلول المناسبة من خلال أماكن العمل و المدارس و الجامعات والمساجد بهدف إشراك كل من الرجال والنساء والشباب والشيوخ وكافة طبقات المجتمع في موضوع أمن المرأة

إنه لشرف عظيم لنا أن نرى هذا المشروع يرى النور – فالهدف الأساسي لمنظمة صوت المرأة الليبية أن تكون أحد منابر دعم وتقدم دولة العدل والقانون . ولنا فخر كبير في إثارة ومحاورة موضوع أمن المرأة بطريقة سوف يتم سماعها واحترامها. لقد آن الأوان  للتطبيق الصحيح للدين الإسلامي  كأداة للتثقيف والتنوير بدلا من الاستخدام الخاطئ وجعله مبرر للجهل والعادات الثقافية السيئة وبهذا نضمن بأن يتم معاملة المرأة كشريك في إعادة بناء ليبيا الجديدة.

نود أن نشكر جميع من ساعدنا في جعل حملة نور ممكنة :

دار الإفتاء الليبية

وزارة الثقافة والمجتمع المدني الليبية

مجموعة اتش بي

السفارة الكندية في ليبيا

العديد من الأفراد الذي دعموا شخصيا هذه الحملة بوقتهم وتبرعاتهم و نصائحهم.


حول صوت المرأة الليبية

تأسست منظمة صوت المرأة الليبية في أغسطس 2011 كنتيجة لثورة 17 فبراير التي لم تجدد الأمل في المساواة في ليبيا فقط ولكن أيضا جددت الأمل في المجتمع الليبي ككل في مجال حقوق الإنسان ، بما في ذلك حقوق المرأة . هذا الأمل سرعان ما ترجم إلى أفعال والتي تأمل المنظمة أن تكون إحدى الطرق لتحسن ملموس فيما يتعلق بحقوق المرأة .

وعلى الرغم من أن منظمة صوت المرأة الليبية نمت بشكل كبير منذ تأسيسها ، إلا أنها تبقى منظمة شبابية يقودها مجموعة من الشابات والشباب الليبين من خلفيات مختلفة ولها قاعدة قوية في عدة مدن ليبية منها  الزاوية ، وهدفنا النهائي هو الدعوة لزيادة الاستثمار في واحدة من أكبر الموارد التي تمتلكها ليبيا والتي للأسف حتى الأن مازالت تنتظر الحصول على ما تستحقه من اهتمام ألا وهي النساء .

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